AskDefine | Define suborder

Dictionary Definition

suborder n : (biology) taxonomic group that is a subdivision of an order

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. A taxonomic category below order and above infraorder.

Extensive Definition

In scientific classification used in biology, the order (Latin: ordo, plural ordines) is a taxonomic rank between class and family. The superorder is a rank between class and order. Exact details of formal nomenclature depend on the Nomenclature Code which applies. Most of orders ends up with word -iformes, except for mammals, invertebrates, and amphibians.

History of the concept

The order as a distinctive rank of biological classification having its own distinctive name (and not just called a higher genus (genus summum)) was first introduced by a German botanist, August Bachmann in his classification of plants (of treatises in the 1690s). Carl Linné was the first to apply it consistently to the division of all three kingdoms of Nature (minerals, plants, and animals) in his Systema Naturae (1735, 1st. Ed.).
In French botanical publications, from Michel Adanson's Familles naturelles des plantes (1763) and until the end of the 19th century, the word famille (plural: familles) was used as a French equivalent for this Latin ordo. This equivalence was explicitly stated in the Alphonse De Candolle's Lois de la nomenclature botanique (1868), the precursor of the currently used International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.
In the first international Rules of botanical nomenclature of 1906 the word family (familia) was assigned to the rank indicated by the French "famille", while order (ordo) was reserved for a higher rank, for what in the nineteenth century had often been named a cohors (plural cohortes).

Zoology

In zoology, the Linnaean orders were used more consistently. That is, the orders in the zoology part of the Systema Naturae refer to natural groups. Some of his ordinal names are still in use (e.g. Lepidoptera for the order of moths and butterflies, or Diptera for the order of flies, mosquitoes, midges, and gnats).
suborder in Afrikaans: Orde (biologie)
suborder in Tosk Albanian: Ordnung (Biologie)
suborder in Aragonese: Orden (biolochía)
suborder in Belarusian: Атрад, біялогія
suborder in Bosnian: Red (biologija)
suborder in Breton: Urzhiad
suborder in Catalan: Ordre
suborder in Czech: Řád (biologie)
suborder in Welsh: Urdd (bioleg)
suborder in Danish: Orden (biologi)
suborder in German: Ordnung (Biologie)
suborder in Estonian: Selts (bioloogia)
suborder in Modern Greek (1453-): Τάξη (βιολογία)
suborder in Spanish: Orden (biología)
suborder in Esperanto: Ordo (biologio)
suborder in Basque: Ordena (biologia)
suborder in French: Ordre (biologie)
suborder in Western Frisian: Skift
suborder in Galician: Orde (bioloxía)
suborder in Korean: 목 (생물학)
suborder in Croatian: Red (taksonomija)
suborder in Indonesian: Ordo (biologi)
suborder in Icelandic: Ættbálkur (flokkunarfræði)
suborder in Italian: Ordine (tassonomia)
suborder in Hebrew: סדרה (טקסונומיה)
suborder in Javanese: Ordo (biologi)
suborder in Latin: Ordo (Taxon)
suborder in Luxembourgish: Uerdnung (Biologie)
suborder in Lithuanian: Būrys
suborder in Hungarian: Rend (rendszertan)
suborder in Maltese: Ordni
suborder in Malay (macrolanguage): Order
suborder in Dutch: Orde (biologie)
suborder in Japanese: 目 (分類学)
suborder in Norwegian: Orden (biologi)
suborder in Norwegian Nynorsk: Biologisk orden
suborder in Occitan (post 1500): Òrdre (biologia)
suborder in Oromo: Order (biology)
suborder in Polish: Rząd (biologia)
suborder in Portuguese: Ordem (biologia)
suborder in Romanian: Ordin (biologie)
suborder in Russian: Отряд
suborder in Sicilian: Òrdini (bioluggìa)
suborder in Simple English: Order (biology)
suborder in Slovak: Rad (taxonómia)
suborder in Slovenian: Red (biologija)
suborder in Swedish: Ordning (biologi)
suborder in Tagalog: Orden (biyolohiya)
suborder in Vietnamese: Bộ (sinh học)
suborder in Turkish: Takım (biyoloji)
suborder in Ukrainian: Ряд (біологія)
suborder in Venetian: Órdene (tasonomìa)
suborder in Vlaams: Orde (biologie)
suborder in Chinese: 目 (生物)

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